Designing a Knowledge Co-Production Operating Space for Urban Environmental Governance

Lessons from Rotterdam, Netherlands and Berlin, Germany.

Successful solutions to urban challenges need to combine efforts of different disciplines and an active stakeholder-dialogue. In this paper, we present a comparative assessment of the way policy-science dialogues have achieved knowledge co-production about strategic urban environmental governance action using the cities of Berlin in Germany and Rotterdam in the Netherlands as case studies.


The ecosystem services framework is applied as a lens for policy–science interaction and a ‘knowledge co-production operating space’ is introduced. We show how policy officers, urban planners, practitioners and scientists learned from each other, and highlight the impact of this knowledge co-production for governance practice. We found that the concerted collaboration and co-creation between researchers and policy officers led to mutual learning and establishment of relationships and trust in both cities. In our conclusions we reflect on co-production processes with two types of conditions that we introduced to be most influential in the way knowledge can be co-created. These are conditions that relate to the way knowledge co-production processes are set-up and to the expected value or benefit that the co-produced knowledge will bring across society, policy and practice.



Frantzeskaki, N. and N. Kabisch (2016)



Designing a knowledge co-production operating space for urban environmental governance – Lessons from Rotterdam, Netherlands and Berlin, Germany. Environmental Science and Policy (62) 90-98


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november 17, 2016