This study sheds light on the demographics, use of technology, organisation, financing, and motivation as well as perceived hindering and facilitating factors for collective renewable energy prosumers. The results offer recommendations for the transposition of EU directives into national legislations and suggest avenues for future research.
A key strategy in the European Union’s ambition to establish an ‘Energy Union’ that is not just clean, but also fair, consists of empowering citizens to actively interact with the energy market as self-consumers or prosumers. Although renewable energy sources prosumerism has been growing for at least a decade, two new EU directives are intended to legitimise and facilitate its expansion.
However, little is known about the full range of prosumers against which to measure policy effectiveness. We carried out a documentary study and an online survey in nine EU countries to shed light on the demographics, use of technology, organisation, financing, and motivation as well as perceived hindering and facilitating factors for collective prosumers. We identified several internal and external obstacles to the successful mainstreaming of renewable energy sources prosumerism, among them a mismatch of policies with the needs of different renewable energy sources prosumer types, potential organisational weaknesses as well as slow progress in essential reforms such as decentralising energy infrastructures.
Our baseline results offer recommendations for the transposition of EU directives into national legislations and suggest avenues for future research in the fields of social, governance, policy, technology, and business models.
Horstink, L., Wittmayer, J.M., Ng, K., Luz, G.P., Marín-González, E., Gährs, S., Campos, I., Holstenkamp, L., Oxenaar, S., Brown, D. (2020). Collective Renewable Energy Prosumers and the Promises of the Energy Union: Taking Stock. Energies, 13, 421.
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februari 11, 2020